Skip to Content

Medical Radiation Exposures

DCEG’s medical research program emphasizes assessment of cancer risks associated with newer diagnostic radiologic examinations as well the risk of childhood cancer associated with CT scan exposure.

Diagnostic Radiation Exposures

Tuberculosis Fluoroscopy
A study of site-specific cancer mortality among tuberculosis (TB) patients exposed to chest fluoroscopy

Scoliosis Study
A study of cancer mortality and incidence risk in a cohort of female scoliosis patients

Pediatric CT Scans
A retrospective cohort study to evaluate the relationship between radiation exposure from CT scans conducted during childhood and adolescence and the subsequent development of cancer

Radiation Treatment for Benign Diseases

Enlarged Tonsils
A study of individuals irradiated during childhood for benign head and neck conditions and monitored for the risk of thyroid and other cancers

Hyperthyroidism I-131 Treatment
A study that compares cancer risks in patients treated for hyperthyroidism with Iodine-131 vs. antithyroid drugs or surgery

Peptic Ulcer Study
A study of cancer risk and cardiovascular disease in patients receiving radiotherapy treatment for peptic ulcer disease

Late Effects of Radiotherapy, Chemotherapy and Other Cancer Treatment

Multiple Primary Cancer Monograph
To identify groups of cancer survivors that are at increased risk for multiple primary cancers, investigators led an effort to provide the first comprehensive population-based analysis of the risk of subsequent cancer in the U.S., resulting in a monograph

Temporal Trends in Second Cancer Risks Based on SEER Data
Study of radiation, chemotherapy and hormonal treatment and their roles in second cancer risk among survivors, based on SEER data

Bone Marrow Transplantation
A study of the risks of cancer following allogeneic bone marrow transplantation

Childhood Cancer Survivors
Studies of secondary glioma, meningioma, and thyroid, breast, soft tissue, bone, and skin cancers among more than 14,000 five-year survivors of childhood cancer diagnosed between 1970 and 1986

Second Primary Gastrointestinal Cancers
A multicenter international study of second primary gastrointestinal (GI) cancers among survivors of Hodgkin lymphoma and cancers of the testis, breast, and cervix

Retinoblastoma Survivors
Study of cancer risk in long-term survivors of retinoblastoma